Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours of the uterine muscle, and typically affect women between ages of 30 and 45. They can range in size from tiny (and undetectable to the human eye) to bulky masses that can enlarge and distort the uterus. They can also be single or multiple. As many as 3 out of 4 women have uterine fibroids at some time in their lives, but most of them remain unaware that they do as the fibroids do not cause any symptoms unless they are disproportionately large and are pressing against other organs. However, large fibroids can intrude the uterine cavity and may lead to miscarriage or infertility.
Fibroids are removed through a surgical procedure called a myomectomy. The procedure may be done in one of three ways – abdominal myomectomy, a laparoscopic myomectomy or a minimal invasive hysteroscopic myomectomy – depending on their size, number and location of the fibroids.